What you NEED TO KNOW about Thrips and Whitefly Control: September Update

thrips and whiteflyIt’s that time of year again where two of our biggest crops cross over: fall pot mums and poinsettia. This means growers have to simultaneously keep an eye on the two biggest pests in the industry: thrips (usually western flower thrips) and Bemisia whitefly.

Here’s how things are shaping up with these pests and where they might be going.

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Choose the right soil analysis for in-ground cut flowers

This post was contributed to by Lauren Vanderlingen, OMAFRA Summer Student and Christoph Kessel, OMAFRA Soil Fertility Specialist – Horticulture.

If you are using Saturated Paste Extract (SPE) to assess soil nutrients for in-ground grown cut flowers, you may be underestimating plant available nutrients and applying fertilizers that aren’t needed.

Many greenhouse growers use SPE analysis when testing growing media in the greenhouse for nutrient levels. Typically, SPE tests are used in soilless or peat-based growing substrates, the kind we usually see used in potted plant production. However, if you are growing cut flowers in a mineral soil, either in the greenhouse or outdoors, SPE is not giving you a complete report on nutrients available to your crop.

Both greenhouse and outdoor soils that produce cut flowers should be tested on a regular basis.

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CleanFARMS Collection Dates Released

cleanfarmsCleanFARMS will be offering its obsolete and unwanted pesticides collection campaign this fall.

This program allows farmers to bring in unwanted or obsolete agricultural pesticides, at no cost, to one of 27 collection sites for safe disposal at an approved waste management facility.

Note that these are single day programs, so you need to drop off at the assigned location on a specific day.  For more information, and specific drop-off dates, you can see the Clean Farms Program poster.

For Niagara area growers, note that drop-offs will be accepted at Vineland Growers Co-op Jordan Station location on September 27, 2019.

 

Which Pesticides are Effective for Whitefly?

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Whitefly – especially Bemisa whitefly – are STILL one of the hardest insects to control with pesticides in the greenhouse industry,

Efficacy trials are key to keeping growers informed about which chemicals currently work and which don’t for Bemisia whitefly. 

Entomologists at the University of Maryland and Delaware recently did such a study, and included newer pesticide registrations. If you missed the article in the July issue of Grower Talks magazine, keep reading for the link to their results and a Canadian take on the study.

 

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Garden Mums – 2019 Production and Protection Tips

This post was contributed to by Drs. Sarah Jandricic and Chevonne Dayboll.

Summer is in full swing, and so too are garden mums.  As you get ready for the next few months, here are a few tips to keep your crop on track.

Drip line irrigation can be a more efficient way of delivering water and nutrients to outdoor crops.

Irrigation method matters!

There are plenty of options for irrigation in potted outdoor crops, but not all are created equal if you are trying to maximize your water efficiency.  Overhead irrigation by boom, or sprinkler is not efficient if your pots are not spaced tightly.  Canopy sizes in the later months of production may make this impossible, especially if you choose to go with final spacing when pots first move outside.  These methods of irrigation can also lead to pots that are too dry (not watered) or too wet (over watered). Plants can only use water that makes it into the pot, so low volume drip line or tape is a more effective way to delivering usable water to your outdoor crops.

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Japanese Beetles are in Flight! How to control JB under the new GCP regulations.

JB Pesticide timing InfographicJapanese Beetle (Popillia japonica) adults are starting to take flight in southern Ontario.   They have been spotted in Hamilton and Niagara this week. Read on for an updated post on WHAT and WHEN to spray for JB to meet certification requirements if you ship product outside Ontario.

Continue reading “Japanese Beetles are in Flight! How to control JB under the new GCP regulations.”

99 Poinsettia Problems: Your Monthly Scouting Guide

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This post on poinsettia problems was contributed to by Drs. Chevonne Dayboll and Sarah Jandricic.

Okay, so Poinsettia don’t really get that many problems.  But when issues arise, they can hit a crop fast and hard.  Whitefly, Lewis mite, root rots, and nutritional issues can all quickly derail a quality crop.

Here’s a month by month guide on what you should be looking for to prevent small problems from becoming big issues.

 

 

Continue reading “99 Poinsettia Problems: Your Monthly Scouting Guide”